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A millwork is a profile of uniform section that serves to decorate, reinforce or facilitate a work of carpentry. There are countless mouldings of all types and sizes. Its uses are also unlimited.
Knowing the name of the main types of millworks is never too much to choose and ask for the one that best suits our needs. These are the drawings and names of the most representative moldings used in DIY and carpentry.
A moulding, is the protruding part of uniform profile that serves to adorn or reinforce works of architecture, carpentry, and other arts.
According to this definition, its use is preferentially given in artistic works, but also it is part of the architectural paths of a construction. That is, its function is not only decorative, there are mouldings with a terminating function in protruding profiles and corners of a wall. Millwork can be designed and manufactured of different materials, this will be determined according to the use that is needed for that moulding. There are, for example, mouldings for facades and interiors, which have always been craftsmanship work almost, of the masons, and that today can be bought in any store of building materials and art, and are decorative profiles in general.
These mouldings can be made from a rigid polyurethane foam material to concrete, through plaster, stucco, or even epoxy putty. In the case of technologically advanced millworks, these are rigid polyurethane foam that are placed without the need to deploy complex equipment or tools.
These polyurethane mouldings are designed according to the models of millwork that are being reproduced and adapted to the artistic forms that are needed. In particular, these polyurethane mouldings are manufactured in rigid foam in extremely fine grain, free of fluorochemical and high density hydrocarbons. It is a very stable material in case of changes in temperature, in heat up to 150 ° and in cold, below 0 °, it is therefore acceptable to use in millworks in both exterior and interior construction. These mouldings are of simple and secure fixation with a neoprene or epoxy adhesive, previously scraped on its glue base, with a gentle posterior cleaning. The type of millwork in wood is the one with which you want to highlight the lines and profiles in the manner of a cabinetmaker. The name of this type of millwork is wood trim.
In the wood trim, the preponderant characteristic is the elegance in the design and the care of the details. These mouldings are finished with varnishes, lacquers and special paints that highlight their shapes. They are particularly recommended to be applied in ceilings, walls, baseboards and that perimeter decoration, internal and external, that you want to emphasize, as the case for example of doors and windows. On the other hand, the use of wood trim in the finished of furniture of design and joinery is very widespread. This type of mouldings, is secured with carpenter’s nail and nails, and come in pieces of different qualities and dimensions, depending on the surface and the purpose of its application.
One type of moulding material not so modern but historically and functionally accepted is plaster. Gypsum mouldings range from industrial manufacture to DIY manufacturing. The manufacture of gypsum millwork is very widespread and dedicated to their installation both indoors and outdoors, given the variety of shapes and designs, in addition to the perfect definition of their shapes by the malleable material and its manufacturing process, receives the Addition of being low cost.
The plaster of the factory is the result of the dehydration of the gypsum stone, reduced to powder, which kneaded with water, recovers its crystallization and hardens. The plaster stone is found abundant in nature in sedimentary terrains forming rocks and presenting different varieties: mirror, arrow, saccharine or alabaster and the common plaster. The plaster factory, called stucco or modeling is used in the construction of mouldings, among other things, and in different artistic expressions since antiquity. Properly, in the design of construction is called cornice to the set of millworks that form the top of a building, room, pedestal, furniture, etc. This set of mouldings allows the perfect and harmonic finish between ceiling and wall.
Of course, it will be of great importance the material of which they are made. There are two types of materials in the conformation of the cornice: plaster and polyurethane. The latter are very advisable for those who are not construction professionals for their easy installation and manipulation. Now, it is the cornices with concrete mouldings that in the construction allow the ornamentation at a lower cost than the craftsmanship.
Of one or another material, the millwork has had a starring role in the Development of architecture as an art since its beginnings in the Greco-Roman antiquity. The architects have used the millwork as a point element of the classic design, and to get objects and walls to be highlighted in their shapes. Mouldings of all types and sizes are produced, as well as those of construction work such as those used in DIY and carpentry, and the formats vary from the finished in round or bar, trim, cornice, ribbon, table, corner, skirting board, Collar and half reed or jib. The final details are those that really finish a work and reform and between them, the mouldings are the most important. You can choose wood or plaster, simple lines or imitate the old palaces.
Millworks help to disappear light bulbs, rails or fire alarms. It is advisable not to be carried away by the fantasy and choose the moulding more in line with the type of decoration or the style of the house, and there are a number of parameters that it is important to keep in mind. There are many types of mouldings, different materials, specially designed for applications in finishes in construction, decoration and ornamentation of furniture, incorporating a practical and decorative component at the same time.
The mouldings of plaster are the most economic and allow any finishing, but must install them a specialist. Millwork and trim of polyurethane and expanded polystyrene can be placed any with a little knack and a specific glue and putty. The polyurethane millwork accepts acrylic pain. This type of moulding can be reused, making it the most expensive. For the polyspam, solvent-free paint must be used (as for gluing it, it must be a specific glue without solvents, epoxy glues can also be used). Wood trim can be dyed, painted or varnished and there are Different sizes and styles depending on the use that you want to give them, such as doors, shelf finishes, walls, wall corners.
The so-called skirting boards are used to finish the encounter between the walls and the floor. They protect the walls of kicks, shocks and furniture. They give a greater sensation despite the walls and better termination to their spaces. The pilasters are used to hide the union between frames of doors or windows and wooden centers with the walls. They define the character of their spaces. The cornices are the mouldings that more headaches give us. You have to think very well which ones we want, since they will define the style of each room.
In particular, they are the decorative millworks that are placed between the walls and the ceiling and in interior corners of walls. They serve to disguise the imperfections of the joints and soften the transition between the planes or the different materials of construction. The joint coverings are used to hide the joint between plates or panels, where it is very difficult to avoid cracks. In addition, they serve as decoration element in the furniture. The jambs are thin wood rods that have a wide variety of applications in construction, decoration and furniture restoration. They are used in the closings of overalls, eaves, built-in wardrobes and stairs. There are precious rosewood reeds or honey-colored woods that will completely change the look of the plainest furniture. The important thing is to choose sensibly because, choosing decorative trim or molding can become a disaster with the rest of the decoration of the house.