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In the beginning, a floor with planks of wood was limited to the decks of the ships. But it was relatively a few years ago that they jumped from their initial habitat to other areas, in which they also display their beneficent qualities, both, in the aesthetic and in the strictly functional aspect. Indeed, they are ideal floors for areas exposed to the inclemency of time, where until a few decades ago only the ceramic or the classic natural stones reigned.
Composite Decking provides a clever outlet for those intricate cladding locations, such as galleries, swimming pool edges, outdoor seating, or a sundeck. This is only possible thanks to the varied qualities of wood: there is no doubt that its color, warmth, texture and noble appearance are incomparable.
It is well known that wood, having little absorption of heat, is suitable for areas exposed to the sun, which allows walking barefoot on it, without worry, unlike certain stones. It is also interesting to note that, with a small gap between the boards, the water never stays stagnant on its surface, which reduces the risk of slipping.
Some projects need to channel a large number of facilities and systems to operate; Others need spaces of different heights according to their different uses. To achieve these objectives without having to complicate the building cut, it is possible to incorporate High Floors, formed from a system of modular panels mounted on adjustable pedestals or jacks.
In addition to easily absorbing the unevenness of the floor, improving the insulation and acoustical qualities between levels and facilitating the overhaul of the installations, the raised floors give greater flexibility in plant when releasing the sky, which no longer depends, for example, on the location of the air diffusers in the sky to define the configuration of the offices. Likewise, flat surfaces can also be generated outdoors.
The wooden deck is an element used by architects today and is basically constructed in the same way as a simple wooden framework, allowing to extend the interiors to the exterior and integrate the projects with nature. By reviewing the materials, we have found relevant information that can help us better understand how this element is constructed and, from the most elementary process, expand its design possibilities within our project through the new available technologies.
The primary structure is a frame that is composed of a wooden frame (which can be, for example, 2 x 8 “pieces) and a framework of beams with the same dimensions. The floor covering is chosen by the client or according to the requirements of the project.
To begin construction, you must measure and plot the surface of the deck, and then cut the pieces according to the size designed. At this time, it is recommended to apply the protections to the wood (varnish or enamel), on all their faces.
The construction of the frame can be realized simply with nails. If the size of the beams is not enough to cover the size of the designed deck, metal plates and screws can be used to join the different pieces.
These structures can be designed with the ground or separated from the ground, with drainage. Access and airflow are always important. The water must be able to flow through the terrace and away from it, while a good flow of air allows to keep the terrace dry and in good condition.
There are a number of companies that deliver solutions that make the installation of decks quicker and easier, some presenting materials that resemble wood but avoid problems caused by moisture, water and sun, and thus reduce maintenance costs.
If you want to avoid the maintenance that requires the use of native wood, the composite decking option mixes resins and wood throughout its solid plank, resistant to mold and rot, without the need to apply protection. Some of them even include pigments that inhibit UV rays, increasing their durability. Other options mix wood sawdust and polyethylene; Wood and PVC or treated wood fibers, with veins of different designs, generating non-slip surfaces without any maintenance.
Beyond the type of wood that is chosen, other options allow to facilitate the installation of the deck through modular systems that through the sum of palettes, end up forming a continuous floor.
On the other hand, there are models with edge tables or grooved profiles, which are installed through screws and concealed fixings.
The pedestals or piles give support to floor panels. Adjustable by millimeters, they can be metallic or of polypropylene copolymer, supporting loads of more than 1.000 kg in some models. On them are installed concrete panels, wood, ceramics, modular plant covers, grates, decks, etc.
In addition, they are provided with perforations that allow the evacuation of any liquid that falls on or inside the pedestal, thus avoiding the appearance of bad Odors by their accumulation and allowing the water runoff in outdoor spaces. In the case of metal pedestals, the panel can be attached to the pedestal directly with a screw located at each corner of the pallet, without the need for joists between pedestals. In the case of Brimat polypropylene plots, the pedestal can receive spacers Of different thicknesses (2 / 4,5 / 6/8 / 10mm) that are fixed on the top of the Plot through a simple clip.
There are also transparent pedestals for the use of translucent pallets, which allow to generate sets of lights from the bottom surface.
Modular Panels: There is a great variety of plates according to their lining and pedestal system. Among them, we can find them of steel and concrete; Bare steel (to receive carpet) or steel + special coatings, such as marble, parquet, ceramic, granite, glass, among others. All of them provide the necessary flexibility to adapt pipeline exits, grids or other systems, allowing their uninstallation and opening to make maintenance or changes.
The wood used in this type of structures should always be prepared for outdoor exposure. We will differentiate between the wood used to form the structure and the wood that forms the platform. The structure is usually made with steel or coniferous wood, previously treated for the exterior, through the use of pillars glued in press with adhesives, each unit forming a number of smaller, firmly bonded elements. Each element is pretreated in an autoclave. Once the structure is mounted, it is preferably finished with dye, based on water and open pore, which allows us to obtain the desired color in accordance with the wood of the pallet.
The pallet can be pine or other conifers, tropical woods, or composite woods (Greendeck) pretreated in autoclave and preferably finished with dye, based on water and open pore, which allows us to obtain the desired color; or tropical woods, with a natural resistance to external agents raised due to its high density, in this case the most usual treatment is based on teak oils and the finishing color is the natural color of partially obscured wood By the oils.
In the last years the synthetic woods (Greendeck) are becoming popular in the market, whose advantages against the natural wood make them suitable for the elaboration.
For the installation of a deck, they rest firmly on the ground (usually by footings of concrete) a set of pillars of wood, steel or aluminum. The abutments will support a forge of wood, steel or aluminum anchored thereto.
On the floor is finally placed the composite deck (Greendeck) or natural. Depending on the characteristics of the deck, this can provide living or practicable spaces both above and below the structure. The work material allows adding design elements such as pergolas, lattices, benches or planters, obtaining harmonic environments made entirely in wood. Therefore, it can be said that a deck is a terrace made of wood or composite wood (Greendeck).
Cleaner and faster than a working terrace. At the same time the structural material itself aesthetically finishes the structure without the need for other impermeabilizing, draining, structural or aesthetic elements; As may be necessary in the installation of decks.
Composite Decking is very attractive but, as in the case of all naturally beautiful things, we must implement certain measures to preserve that original charm. In particular, what is most quickly altered is its color, so maintenance in this aspect is fundamental. Many people choose not to protect them and rather let the wood go burning with the sun to achieve a natural look. The result is that the color of the deck will gradually fade, and will turn to that grayish color so frequent to see in the fishermen’s docks of the Delta, for example. If that is the effect you are looking for, go ahead, but keep in mind that once you take that gray-silver tone, the wood will never regain its original color.
All wood exposed to the weather should be protected with oils, varnishes or special lacquers for surfaces. The effect they achieve is to make their fibers more flexible and waterproof as far as possible. It is a minimum maintenance, always depending on the type of wood, which usually requires only one or two applications per year. The best treatment for your deck is to apply substances (phenols or oils) that penetrate the wood and not make a film, such as lacquers that are peeled. The impregnates (which penetrate the pores) are usually water-based, allowing rapid drying when the water in the solution evaporates. Another advantage they present is that they have no odor and that, in addition, usually contain insecticides and fungicides.
Composite decking: 1990s was the moment where composite decking appeared on the scene, and from that moment has not stop being an excellent earth- friendly option which does not need much more than an annual washdown; this building material is made from recycled wood fibers, what make it high resistant to elements and stains, not to mention how easy is working with this type of product. We have it in an amazing range of colors and looks.
Deck accessories: furnish your deck with stunning designs that add comfort and style to your outdoor living. You can create an inimitable impact by having your favorite items from our beautiful deck accessories line. From lovely water features to decking lighting, we can fit it all!
Deck Tiles: in case you are looking forward to build a deck for the first time or replace a deck tiles; we have top quality material that has been chosen in order to offer you interlocking deck tiles; they are resistant to the elements and you can find them in all different types of wood, composite or synthetics. Furthermore, they are an instant way to upgrade your outdoor spaces; browse this section and find comfort that creates perfect areas for lounging and dining.
Wood decking: an stylish way to build up a patio or a deck is by using wood decking as your building material. Ideal for the structural part of your deck, wood decking is able to resist damage because they are made with a sealant to get just the look you are going for. Stop staring at that old deck you have at home and create a new one with our excellent materials, which are the best at performing your personal aesthetic.