Mosaic Method


Coming from ancient times the origin of the word mosaic is deriving from the Latin “mosaicus”, “mosaico” in Italian. Finish build invites you to understand the main basic concepts of mosaic tiles in order to learn a bit more of this style.

Commonly known as an art, mosaic activity, uses small pieces of materials placed together to produce a unified creation. The materials commonly used are marble or other stone, glass, pottery, mirror or foil-backed glass, or shells.

But when it comes to the flooring field it actually remains its purpose: amusing the eye. Mosaic tiles are cut and carved into small pieces according to a previously prepared pattern. These pieces are placed close together for a mixed pattern effect. A fiber thin resin is permanently attached to the back and edges of the mosaic tile so that a portion of the back of each tile is exposed to the bond coat.

There are three main methods: the direct method, the indirect method and the double indirect method. A ‘Direct Method’ mosaic courtyard made from irregular pebbles and stone strips. This method of mosaic construction involves directly placing (gluing) the individual tesserae, which is an individual tile, usually formed in the shape of a cube, used in creating a mosaic. The Tesserae goes onto the supporting surface. This method is well suited to surfaces that have a three-dimensional quality, such as vases.


The direct method suits small projects that are transportable. Another advantage of the direct method is that the resulting mosaic is progressively visible, allowing for any adjustments to tile color or placement.

The disadvantage of the direct method is that the artist must work directly at the chosen surface, which is often not practical for long periods of time, especially for large-scale projects. Also, it is difficult to control the evenness of the finished surface. This is of particular importance when creating a functional surface such as a floor or a table top.

The double direct method

A new version of the direct method is the “double direct,” which basically consists on working directly onto fiberglass mesh. The mosaic are manufactured with the design visible on the surface and transported to its final location. Large work can be done in this way, with the mosaic being cut up for shipping and then reassembled for installation.

Indirect method

A very precise method often used for very large projects, projects with repetitive elements or for areas needing site specific shapes. Tiles are applied face-down to a backing paper using an adhesive, and later transferred onto walls, floors or craft projects. This method is very accurate for exceptionally large projects as it gives the maker time to rework areas.

Double indirect method

Method created in 1989 by Maurizio Placuzzi and registered for industrial use. This double indirect method can be used when it is important to see the work during the creation process as it will appear when completed. The tesserae are placed face-up on a medium (often adhesive-backed paper, sticky plastic or soft lime or putty) as it will appear when installed. When the mosaic is complete, a similar medium is placed atop it. The piece is then turned over, the original underlying material is carefully removed, and the piece is installed as in the indirect method described above.

The texture of the mosaic tiles is very much similar to the texture of ceramic tile. The difference between ceramic and mosaic tiles are that mosaic are smaller than those ceramic.

Purposes and types

Possibilities are endless with mosaic tiles, so if you are in the mood of adding texture and ornamental looks to a specific area of your home, office or business place Finish build has it for you. Mosaic tiles are being used in covering material of floors and wall areas. There are two types of mosaic, divided by the character of the tiles surface, which are polished surface and rough surface. Polish surface mosaic is suitable for wall covering while the rough surface is suitable for floor covering in order to avoid slipping. The surface of these tiles also has the ability not to damage from chemicals, oil, pressure and scratch.

Installing- time

8 300x300 Mosaic MethodIt is important to make sure that when adding mosaic to a surface, the pieces of these tiles should be firmly stick to the surface, otherwise they will peel off. The use of wet cotton in cleaning these tiles without using any other cleaning chemicals might be a good way of assurance your long- term project.

The chosen surface should be flat and not straight otherwise the tile will not stick firmly to the surface. Cement with sand in the right proportion, would be your assistance to the adding process. Finish Build recommends applying to the surface about 2.5 centimeter thickness and slowly put mosaic tiles on the cement and leave it until the cement is dried. If you opt to use the glue paper, then apply cement into the cavity between single tiles and leave it for a couple of days in order to dry.

Usually these procedures are simple, if not, you will definitely learn. Finish Build encourages you to create what you have always imagined.

Finish Build staff hope you have found this article useful.

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