Known as a high performance lightweight wall system for interiors, which consists of a GI steel frame that is encased in gypsum plasterboards on side attached with self- drilling screws; drywall is a popular building material that today is present in a significant number of modern construction projects. What makes this material so common in the construction market is that drywall offers a wide range of excellent benefits if compare with other alternatives. When properly installed drywall looks simply beautiful, walls and ceilings are way more attractive and thus, this increase the value of your property.
If we talk about energy efficiency, then this material pops up from the list as it helps improving insulation and contributes to retain room temperature at a remarkable level. Drywall is also one of the favorite option for a construction projects since it is considered a cost efficient choice; this material is affordable for homeowners who are on a budget, and once installed you will only need to painting your walls in order to change your home’s overall appearance.
Now let’s mention an important aspect that can take place at certain point: drywall damage. It is completely normal if your house expands or contracts due to weather conditions, this may cause your drywall’s framing to swell or shrink and therefore cracks appear. There are another types of damages you might be facing, but fortunately they are easy and inexpensive to fix not to mention that you can actually repair them by yourself with minimal equipment. In order to repair and conceal the most common drywall damages, read and follow the steps I have enlisted below.
Small Section Fix
To start this type of repairing, make sure you count on these basic small- patch tools and materials:
- Drywall joint compound
- Ready- made drywall patches
- Painter’s putty
- Around 6 or 12 inch taping knives
- Utility knife
Whether the damage was caused by moving a piece of furniture or a door knob, patching with a new piece of drywall is the best solution you can achieve, so get ready- made drywall patches. They are available at big box home stores or in hardware stores, be sure the ones you choose use a peel and stick, metal backed for added strength. Now it is time to clean up the hole’s edges, use a utility knife and by pressing back into any small chunks you might find, you will eliminate flaps that can be still hanging. Then, carefully shape the patch so it can fit the hole, to securely attach the drywall to the surrounding area be sure to leave extra backing.
Next, clean that area that needs to be repaired in order to have maximum adhesion, but don’t clean it too much so the drywall doesn’t get too wet, let it dry and then apply the patch to the area with smooth movements tape edges, using a putty knife to do this is ideal because it will remove air bubbles. It is time to apply a thin coat of joint compound over the damaged area, use a wide blade putty knife to spread it; the idea is to apply compound in such a smooth way that the patch backing is literally feathered into the rest of the wall. at this point, non- shrink joint compound should be applied liberally on the repaired area with a wider putty knife, which produces smoother results. Let the patched area dries thoroughly, and then sand the area by using drywall sandpaper, and if possible attach ii to a drywall sander, you won’t want to create a huge amount of dust. To hide slight imperfections, you can apply a very thin topcoat of joint compound and if you skillfully accomplish this step, you won’t need to do additional sanding.
Popped Nails Section Fix
A nail is obviously used to hold two pieces of material together, so it is completely normal to face this type of repairing. Sometimes the nail head is pounded below the top surface and thus the nail can lose its holding power, therefore it can lead to additional damage. For this repair, besides the before mentioned materials and tools, additional screws and some other tools or materials will be needed, it will depend on the method you follow to execute your fix.
Get the help of a utility knife to scrap away the drywall, scrap until you can see the screw. Next you can continue with one of the two ways to fix nail pops; you may use a hammer to drive the nail back into the studs, then bracket each nail head with closely spaced drywall screws. You can also do this repair by removing the nail and drive a screw in its place, along with a second screw nearby in order to re- secure the drywall to the stud. Be careful when using drywall screws, recess their heads slightly so in case you create a dimple in the drywall surface, you can cover it with joint compound. If there are several screws placed in a row, spot- patch each one with compound and cover them with fiberglass tape.
Corner Bead Fix
Sometimes even good secured drywall outer corner bead can be affected by strong knocks, that lead the outer drywall to chip or crack. To this fix you will also need:
- Metal cutting saw
- New corner bead
- Pry bat or claw hammer
- Metal snips
To start this repair project cut out the damaged corner bead area. Based on the size of the area, you will have to pry part of the corner bead off the drywall sheets. Then, measure and shape the metal snips to create a new corner bead’s section, apply it using joint compound on the underside. Make sure to secure it on the wall, to cover and blend it back into the wall, apply 1 to 3 additional layers of compound on top of your new corner area.
Drywall is a strong and robust construction material which have many different applications since is used to partition any interior for instance: homes, offices, hotels, schools, industry and hospitals. Although this material typically lasts the lifetime of a building, when it is subjected to abuse or alteration there will be some repairs you will need to address. You can achieve a repair yourself (and save some money), because the finishing work for any drywall repair is really straightforward and manageable for DIYer.
If you are willing to complete drywall repairs there are some practices, you might want to keep in mind to achieve a great project; remember to wait at least 24 hours from the compound’s application to start sanding. Using light pressure with a fine grit sanding sponge is an exceptional way to create a smooth finish on the wall and last but not least, let the primer completely dries before you repaint the patch area, blend it into the painted area and you will have an even smoother final look.